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Understanding Gas Fees and Optimizing Trades

  • Gas fees, essential for blockchain transactions, can be optimized to reduce costs and enhance trading efficiency.
  • Plan ahead and monitor gas prices using tools like Ethereum Gas Tracker for optimal timing of transactions.
  • Consolidate transactions and leverage platforms like Bitget Wallet (Previously Bitget Wallet (Previously BitKeep)) Swap to group similar transactions and save on gas fees.
  • Explore DApps offering reduced gas fees and consider layer 2 solutions for alternative networks with lower fees.

In the world of blockchain technology, gas fees (otherwise known as transaction fees for other blockchains like Solana and Bitcoin) play a vital role in facilitating transactions and maintaining the security of the network. Specifically, gas fees are transaction costs associated with executing operations on blockchain networks, such as sending cryptocurrencies, interacting with smart contracts, or using decentralized applications (DApps). Understanding gas fees and knowing how to optimize trades can help users navigate the complexities of transaction costs and enhance their overall experience in the blockchain ecosystem.

What Are Gas Fees?

Gas fees on blockchain networks are typically paid in the native currency of the network, such as Ether (ETH) on the Ethereum blockchain. These fees serve multiple purposes, including incentivizing miners or validators, mitigating spam attacks, and allocating network resources. By exploring the concept of gas fees and implementing optimization strategies, users can effectively manage transaction costs and streamline their trading activities.

Why do I have to pay for Gas Fees?

In any blockchain network, various activities such as executing smart contracts or purchasing non-fungible tokens (NFTs) require computational power to be processed and completed.

This computational power is provided by network validators, a decentralized group of individuals who run specialized computer programs to authenticate transactions on the blockchain. Validators invest in and maintain their own equipment to ensure the security and accuracy of the blockchain network.

Gas fees play a crucial role in transferring value from users in need of blockchain network services to validators who provide the necessary computing power. These fees incentivize validators to accurately process transactions and uphold the security of the blockchain ledger.

On proof-of-work (PoW) blockchains like Bitcoin, end users pay gas fees to miners for validating their transactions. Miners compete using specialized computing equipment to generate random codes called hashes. The first miner to generate a cryptographic hash starting with the same number of zeroes (or more) as the “target hash” is declared the winner.

The successful miner can then include pending transactions in a new block and earn newly created cryptocurrency as a block reward, along with any fees attached to those transactions.

Gas fees also play a role in blockchain protocols that use the proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus mechanism, such as Ethereum. Gas fees serve as incentives and rewards for validators who commit a certain amount of cryptocurrency to the network to be selected for verifying new transactions.

Validators with a larger stake can run more validators, increasing their chances of being selected to validate transactions. However, due to programmatic randomness at the protocol level, this selection is not guaranteed, and validators with fewer coins can still be chosen to validate transactions and earn the block reward.

Regardless of the consensus algorithm, validating transactions on a blockchain network incurs costs, including specialized computer equipment, electricity consumption, and the financial stake locked by validators operating these machines.

Another purpose of gas fees is to mitigate spam attacks. Without transaction costs, malicious actors could flood the network with a massive number of spam transactions, leading to network congestion and potential disruption. Gas fees create a financial barrier that discourages such attacks and ensures that transactions are prioritized based on their importance and the willingness of users to pay for their processing.

Calculating Gas Fees

Gas fees are calculated by multiplying the gas amount by the gas price.

To determine the gas fees, use the following equation:

Total fee = Gas limit x (Base Fee Rate + Tip)

Let’s consider an example where you want to send 1 ETH to a friend on the Ethereum network. The gas limit for this transaction is set to the default value of 21,000, which is suitable for simple Ethereum transfers. You decide to set the gas price at 100 gwei, indicating your willingness to pay 100 gwei for each unit of gas used in the transaction.

To calculate the gas fee for this transaction, multiply the gas limit (21,000) by the gas price (100 gwei), and then convert the result to ETH.

21,000 gas x 100 gwei/gas = 2,100,000 gwei

2,100,000 gwei = 0.0021 ETH

Therefore, the gas fee (also known as the miner fee) for this transaction amounts to 0.0021 ETH. Keep in mind that more complex transactions, such as executing smart contracts, may incur higher gas fees compared to simpler actions like transferring ETH between wallets. It is crucial to ensure that you provide an adequate gas fee to ensure prompt and successful processing of your transaction.

Optimizing Trades: Handling Gas the Right Way

To optimize trades and minimize gas fees, users can implement several strategies.

Planning Ahead

Planning ahead and optimizing the timing of transactions can have a significant impact on gas fees. Gas prices on the Ethereum network fluctuate throughout the day due to network congestion. By monitoring gas prices using tools like the Ethereum Gas Tracker, users can choose to initiate transactions during periods of lower demand, thus reducing their transaction costs.

Additionally, accurately calculating gas fees and setting appropriate gas limits is crucial for optimizing trades. Ethereum wallet estimations of gas fees may not always be accurate, as they do not consider real-time congestion caused by transactions. By leveraging precise estimations and analyzing pending transactions on the Ethereum mainnet using tools such as the aforementioned Ethereum Gas Tracker, users can avoid overpaying for gas fees and ensure they set the proper gas limits for their trades.

Consolidating Transactions

Regulating transaction types is another effective strategy for optimizing gas fees. Gas prices on the Ethereum blockchain can vary based on the type of transaction being carried out. Platforms like Bitget Wallet (Previously Bitget Wallet (Previously BitKeep)) Swap allow for the grouping of similar transactions together, such as transferring tokens to multiple addresses in a single transaction, which can help users save money on gas fees. By consolidating transactions, users can reduce the overall gas fees associated with their trades.


Furthermore, utilizing DApps that offer discounts and lower gas fees can provide cost-saving benefits. Some Ethereum projects and DApps provide support for reduced gas fees compared to the market rate. For example, platforms like Stabilizer or Balancer offer reimbursements or reduced fees for specific types of transactions. By leveraging these platforms, users can take advantage of lower gas costs and optimize their trades accordingly.

Layer 2 Solutions

Exploring alternative blockchain networks and layer 2 solutions can offer opportunities for reduced gas fees and enhanced trade optimization. Ethereum is not the only network in the blockchain space, and other networks like Starknet and zkSync may provide lower gas fees depending on the specific use case and network conditions. Layer 2 solutions aim to reduce gas fees and improve scalability by offloading transaction processing to secondary layers. Exploring these alternatives can open up new possibilities for traders looking to optimize their gas fees.

Compare rates when buying ETH or ERC-20 tokens

Integrated within Bitget Wallet (Previously Bitget Wallet (Previously BitKeep)) Swap are also pre-execution optimization techniques to provide users with the most favorable execution prices. By analyzing and executing on-chain transactions in advance, the platform optimizes slippage and ensures that users achieve the best possible trading outcomes.

This feature enhances user profitability and reinforces Bitget Wallet (Previously Bitget Wallet (Previously BitKeep)) Swap’s commitment to delivering optimal trading experiences. Smart price matching guarantees that users can rest assured that Bitget Wallet (Previously Bitget Wallet (Previously BitKeep)) Swap presents only the best deals across its 100 aggregated DEXs, while its auto-breakdown feature splits swap orders down into multiple routes to source for the best rates available.

Check out this blog post to learn more about how you can optimize your gas fees using Bitget Wallet (Previously Bitget Wallet (Previously BitKeep)) Wallet!


Gas fees are an integral aspect of blockchain networks, and understanding how to optimize trades can greatly enhance the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of trading activities. By implementing strategies such as optimizing transaction timing, regulating transaction types, utilizing DApps with discounts, leveraging gas tokens, accurately calculating gas fees, and exploring alternative networks and layer 2 solutions, users can effectively minimize gas fees and maximize their trading potential. As the blockchain ecosystem continues to evolve, staying informed about gas fee optimization techniques is crucial for traders to navigate the dynamic landscape of transaction costs.

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